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Pest Control

Have you observed that some of your crops have been infested by pests? Have you seen some of these pests attacking your crops? All hope isn’t lost; there are ways to stop further destruction.

Physical Control Measures

These include hand-picking and physical destruction of pests. The effectiveness of this method depends on the size of the farm, the number of pests involved and the type of insect.
One of the physical measures is using various antics to scare pests off. This works well with birds and monkeys. This can be executed in several ways:

  • Traditional methods like beating drums, dry wood or gongs.
  • Making a scare crow (a dummy human being) that scares pests off.
  • Locally made traps can control rodents on the field.

Screens, wire netting and strong hedges may be used as physical barriers to reduce the entry of these animals into farms

Farming Practices that can prevent pests
Certain planting methods can help prevent pests, including:

  • Early or late planting of crops and early harvesting to prevent heavy infestation.
  • Regular weeding to reduce the population of insect pests.
  • Deep ploughing to destroy pests’ eggs and larva.
  • Cultivating resistant varieties.

Chemical Control of Pests

Many pests can be eliminated through the careful use of chemicals called pesticides. Pesticides may be in powdery, granular or liquid forms. They should be used with care because they are dangerous to man and livestock.
Pesticides used to control insect pests are called insecticides. Some of the commonly used insecticides are Unden 20, Phostoxin, Actellic 25 and Vetox 85.
Pesticides used to kill rodents are called rodenticides. They are added to food baits and rodents die after consumption. Poisoned rodents must not be consumed by livestock.

Quarantine
This is a pest and disease control measure that aims at preventing the introduction of new pests and diseases to an area or a country. Imported plants and animals are carefully examined by trained people to check for the presence of pests and diseases. They are kept under observation for a specific

 

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